Category Archives: Scripts

SQL Server: Script to Generate HTML Report/mail for Databses Current Size, Growth Rate and Available Disk Space

Working with multiple databases on multiple instances is a tough job. You need to monitor all these instances for everything. Best way to keep eye on every instance activity is SQL Server Jobs.
How fastly databases on these instances are growing and does target instance has requried space on hard drives ? These are basic questions which every DBA keeps in mind during instance monitoring.
Amna Asif has suggested a better script to create a proper report (to mail) for actual database space, requried and currently available on hard drives.
 /*

 Script to send an alert through mail, with information that how many drive
 space is required from next databases growth on a specific instance and how many
 space is available.

 Script By: Amna Asif for ConnectSQL.blogspot.com

 */


 DECLARE@dbName varchar(200),
    @Qry Nvarchar(max)
 DECLARE@dbsize VARCHAR(50),
    @logsize VARCHAR(50),
    @reservedpages VARCHAR(50),
    @usedpages VARCHAR(50),
    @pages VARCHAR(50)

 SET @dbName =



—Get LOG File Spaces of All Databases–
 CREATE TABLE #LogSpaceStats
    (
      RowID INTIDENTITY
                PRIMARYKEY,
      dbName SYSNAME,
      Totallogspace DEC(20, 2),
      UsedLogSpace DEC(20, 2),
      Status CHAR(1)
    )
   
 INSERT#LogSpaceStats
        ( dbName, Totallogspace,UsedLogSpace, Status)
        EXEC ( ‘DBCC sqlperf(logspace) WITH NO_INFOMSGS’
            )
    
–Get Info of All Drives
 DECLARE@ServerDrives TABLE
    (
      RowID intIDENTITY
                PRIMARYKEY,
      Drive char,
      DriveSpace varchar(100),
      Required_Space varchar(100)
    )
 INSERT INTO @ServerDrives
        ( Drive, DriveSpace )
        EXEC master.sys.xp_fixeddrives
–Temporary Table to hold requried data
 CREATE TABLE#ServerFileStats
    (
      RowID INTIDENTITY
                PRIMARYKEY,
      dbName SYSNAME,
      Database_DSize varchar(100),
      Allocated_Space varchar(100),
      Unallocated_Space varchar(100),
      Unused varchar(100),
      Database_LSize varchar(100),
      UsedLogSpace DEC(20, 2),
      FreeLogSpace DEC(20, 2),
      FDataFileGrowth DEC(20, 2),
      FLogFileGrowth DEC(20, 2),
      DataFileDrive char,
      LogFileDrive char
    )
  
–Cursor Used to get each database size on given instance
 DECLAREcur_dbName CURSOR
    FOR SELECT  NAME
        FROM    SYS.DATABASES
        WHERE   state_desc =‘ONLINE’
                ANDis_read_only = 0
 OPENcur_dbName
 FETCH NEXT FROM cur_dbName into @dbName
 WHILE @@FETCH_Status = 0
    BEGIN
        SELECT  @Qry = ‘ SELECT @dbsizeOUT = sum(convert(bigint,
                              case when status & 64 = 0 then size
                              else 0 end))
                              ,@logsizeOUT = sum(convert(bigint,
                                    case when status & 64 <> 0 then size
                                    else 0 end)) 
                                       FROM ‘ +@dbName + ‘.dbo.sysfiles ‘
                             
        EXEC sp_executesql@Qry,
            N’@dbsizeOUT  nvarchar(50) OUTPUT,@logsizeOUT  nvarchar(50) OUTPUT’,
            @dbsizeOUT =@dbsize OUTPUT,@logsizeOUT = @logsize OUTPUT; 

        SELECT  @Qry = ‘ SELECT @reservedpagesOUT = sum(a.total_pages)

                                 ,@usedpagesOUT = sum(a.used_pages)
                      FROM ‘ +@dbName + ‘.sys.partitions p join ‘ + @dbName
                +‘.sys.allocation_units a on p.partition_id = a.container_id 
                      LEFT JOIN ‘ +@dbName
                +‘.sys.internal_tables it on p.object_id = it.object_id’

        EXEC sp_executesql@Qry,

     N’@reservedpagesOUT  nvarchar(50) OUTPUT,@usedpagesOUT nvarchar(50) OUTPUT’,
            @reservedpagesOUT = @reservedpages OUTPUT,
            @usedpagesOUT = @usedpages OUTPUT ; 
       
        SELECT  @Qry = ‘ INSERT INTO #ServerFileStats                
                         SELECT DB_size.Database_Name
                         , DB_size.Database_DSize
                         , DB_size.Allocated_Space
                         , DB_size.Unallocated_Space
                         , DB_size.Unused
                         , DB_size.Database_LSize
             , (lss.TotalLogSpace*(lss.UsedLogSpace/100)) UsedLogSpace
             , (TotalLogSpace-(TotalLogSpace*(UsedLogSpace/100))) FreeLogSpace
             ,CASE mfD.is_percent_growth
              WHEN 0 THEN CONVERT(DEC(15,2),(mfD.growth* 8192 / 1048576))
              ELSE CONVERT(DEC(15,2),(CONVERT(DEC(15,2),REPLACE(DB_size.Database_DSize,” MB”,””))
                              *mfD.growth/100)) END  FDataFileGrowth
                          ,
                          CASE mfL.is_percent_growth WHEN 0 THEN CONVERT(DEC(15,2),(mfL.growth* 8192 / 1048576))
                          ELSE CONVERT(DEC(15,2),(CONVERT(DEC(15,2),REPLACE(DB_size.Database_DSize,” MB”,””))
                          *mfL.growth/100)) END  FLogFileGrowth
                         ,LEFT(mfD.physical_name,1) DataFileDrive
                         ,LEFT(mfL.physical_name,1) LogFileDrive
                         FROM
                         (
                          SELECT Database_Name = ”’ + @dbName
                +”’
, Database_DSize = ltrim(str((convert (dec (15,2),’
       +@dbsize
       + ‘))* 8192 / 1048576,15,2) + ” MB”)
, ”Allocated_Space”=ltrim(str((CASE WHEN ‘
       +@dbsize + ‘ >= ‘+ @reservedpages
       +
THEN convert (DEC (15,2),’
                +@reservedpages
                +‘)* 8192 / 1048576
ELSE 0 end),15,2) + ” MB”) 
                                    , ”Unallocated_Space” = ltrim(str((CASE WHEN ‘
               +@dbsize + ‘ >= ‘+ @reservedpages
                +
THEN  (convert (DEC (15,2),’
                +@dbsize + ‘) – convert (DEC (15,2),’ + @reservedpages
                +‘))* 8192 / 1048576
ELSE 0 end),15,2) + ” MB”)
                                    , ”Unused” =ltrim(str(((‘
                +@reservedpages + ‘ – ‘+ @usedpages
                +‘) * 8192 / 1024.)/1024,15,2) + ” MB”) 
                , Database_LSize = ltrim(str((convert (dec (15,2),’
                +@logsize
                + ‘))* 8192 / 1048576,15,2) + ” MB”)
  )DB_size LEFT JOIN #LogSpaceStats AS lss on lss.dbName=DB_size.Database_Name
                          INNER JOIN ‘ +@dbName
                +‘.sys.databases db ON DB.name=DB_size.Database_Name
                          INNER JOIN ‘ +@dbName
                +‘.sys.master_files mfD on mfD.database_id=DB.database_id AND mfD.type_desc=”ROWS”
                          INNER JOIN ‘ +@dbName
                +‘.sys.master_files mfL on mfL.database_id=DB.database_id AND mfL.type_desc=”LOG”’

        EXEC ( @Qry


            )

  FETCH NEXT FROM cur_dbName into @dbName
    END
 CLOSEcur_dbName
 DEALLOCATEcur_dbName

 UPDATE@ServerDrives

 SET    Required_Space =SumDriveS.sumofdrivespcae
 FROM   ( SELECT    SUM(CONVERT(DEC(20, 2), sumofdrivespcae)) sumofdrivespcae,
                    DRIVE AS DRIVE
          FROM      ( SELECT    SUM(CONVERT(DEC(20, 2), REPLACE(fss.FDataFileGrowth, ‘ MB’, )))
                                                sumofdrivespcae,
                                fss.DataFileDrive ASDRIVE
                      FROM      #ServerFileStats fss
                      GROUPBY  fss.DataFileDrive
                      UNION
                      SELECT    SUM(CONVERT(DEC(20, 2), REPLACE(fss.FLogFileGrowth, ‘ MB’, )))
                                                sumofdrivespcae,
                                fss.LogFileDrive AS DRIVE
                      FROM      #ServerFileStats fss
                      GROUPBY  fss.LogFileDrive )SumDrive
          GROUPBY  SumDrive.DRIVE )SumDriveS
        LEFT OUTER JOIN@ServerDrives sd on SumDriveS.Drive = sd.Drive


——————————————————————————
—————————————–Report Mailing———————–
DECLARE @Loop int
 DECLARE@Subject varchar(100)
 DECLARE@strMsg varchar(4000)

 SELECT@Subject = ‘SQL Monitor Alert: ‘ + @@SERVERNAME+ ‘        ‘

        + Convert(varchar, GETDATE())
  Declare @Body varchar(max),
    @TableHead varchar(1000),
    @TableTail varchar(1000),
    @TableHead2 varchar(1000),
    @Body2 varchar(3000)
 Set NoCount On ;
— Create HTML mail body
 Set @TableTail = ‘</table></body></html>’;
  Set @TableHead = ‘<html><head>’+ ‘<style>’
    + ‘td {border: solid black 1px;padding-left:3px;padding-right:3px;padding-top:2px;padding-bottom:2px;font-size:10pt;} ‘
    + ‘</style>’ + ‘</head>’
    + ‘<body><table cellpadding=0 cellspacing=0 border=0>’
    + ‘<tr><td align=center bgcolor=#E6E6FA><b>Row ID</b></td>’
    + ‘<td align=center bgcolor=#E6E6FA><b>Database Name</b></td>’
    + ‘<td align=center bgcolor=#E6E6FA><b>File Group</b></td>’
    + ‘<td align=center bgcolor=#5F9EA0><b>DF Total Space</b></td>’
    + ‘<td align=center bgcolor=#5F9EA0><b>DF Allocated Space</b></td>’
    + ‘<td align=center bgcolor=#5F9EA0><b>DF Unallocated Space</b></td>’
    + ‘<td align=center bgcolor=#E6E6FA><b>DF Unused</b></td>’
    + ‘<td align=center bgcolor=#5F9EA0><b>LF Total Space</b></td>’
    + ‘<td align=center bgcolor=#5F9EA0><b>LF Used Space</b></td>’
    + ‘<td align=center bgcolor=#5F9EA0><b>LF Unused Space</b></td>’
    + ‘<td align=center bgcolor=#E6E6FA><b>DF FileGrowth</b></td>’
    + ‘<td align=center bgcolor=#E6E6FA><b>LF FileGrowth</b></td>’
    + ‘<td align=center bgcolor=#E6E6FA><b>DF Drive</b></td>’
    + ‘<td align=center bgcolor=#E6E6FA><b> LF Drive </b></td></tr>’ ;

  Select @Body =( SELECT    td = CONVERT(VARCHAR, ROW_NUMBER() OVER ( ORDER BY dbName ))

                            + CHAR(10),
                            td = ISNULL(dbName, ‘Unknown’) + CHAR(10),
                            td = ISNULL(‘Data/LOG’, ‘Unknown’) + CHAR(10),
                            td = ISNULL(Database_DSize, ‘0.00’) + CHAR(10),
                            td = ISNULL(Allocated_Space, ‘0.00’) + CHAR(10),
                            td = ISNULL(Unallocated_Space, ‘0.00’) + CHAR(10),
                            td = ISNULL(Unused, ‘0.00’) + CHAR(10), ,
                            td = ISNULL(Database_LSize, ‘0.00’) + CHAR(10),
                            td = ISNULL(convert(varchar, UsedLogSpace), ‘0.00’)
                            +‘ MB’ + CHAR(10),
                            td = ISNULL(convert(varchar, FreeLogSpace), ‘0.00’)
                            + ‘ MB’ + CHAR(10),
                            td = ISNULL(convert(varchar, FDataFileGrowth),
                                        ‘0.00’) + ‘ MB’ + CHAR(10), ,
                            td = ISNULL(convert(varchar, FLogFileGrowth),
                                        ‘0.00’) + ‘ MB’ + CHAR(10), ,
                            td = ISNULL(DataFileDrive, ‘0’) + CHAR(10), ,
                            td = ISNULL(LogFileDrive, ‘0’) + CHAR(10),
                  FROM      #ServerFileStats
                  ORDERBY  dbName
        FOR       XML RAW(‘tr’),
                      ELEMENTS)


— Replace the entity codes and row numbers
 Set @Body = Replace(@Body, ‘_x0020_’, space(1))
 Set @Body = Replace(@Body, ‘_x003D_’, ‘=’)
 Set @Body = Replace(@Body, ‘<tr><TRRow>1</TRRow>’, ‘<tr bgcolor=#C6CFFF>’)
 Set @Body = Replace(@Body, ‘<TRRow>0</TRRow>’,)

 DECLARE @flag BIT

 SELECT @flag = 1
 FROM   @ServerDrives
 WHERE  convert(dec(15, 2), DriveSpace) < convert(dec(15, 2), Required_Space)
        * 2
 SET @flag = ISNULL(@flag, 0)

 SET@TableHead2 = ‘<html><head>’+ ‘<style>’

    + ‘td {border: solid black 1px;padding-left:1px;padding-right:1px;padding-top:1px;padding-bottom:1px;font-size:8pt;} ‘
    + ‘</style>’ + ‘</head>’
    + ‘<body><table cellpadding=0 cellspacing=0 border=0>’
    + ‘<tr><td align=center bgcolor=#E6E6FA><b>Row ID</b></td>’
    + ‘<td align=center bgcolor=#E6E6FA><b>Drive</b></td>’
    + ‘<td align=center bgcolor=#E6E6FA><b>Drive Space</b></td> ‘


 IF ( @flag = 0 )
    set@TableHead2 = @TableHead2
     + ‘<td align=center bgcolor=#E6E6FA><b>Required Drive Space</b></td></tr>’ ;
 ELSE
    set@TableHead2 = @TableHead2
     + ‘<td align=center bgcolor=#FF7F50><b>Required Drive Space</b></td></tr>’ ;
         
 Select @Body2 =( SELECT   td = ROW_NUMBER() OVER ( ORDER BY Drive ),
                            td = ISNULL(Drive, ‘Unknown’) + char(10),
                            td = ISNULL(DriveSpace + ‘ MB’, 0) + char(10),
                            td = ISNULL(Required_Space + ‘ MB’, 0)
                   FROM     @ServerDrives sd
        For        XML RAW(‘tr’),
                       Elements)

 Select @Body = @TableHead2 +@Body2 + @TableTail +‘<br/><br/><br/><br/>’

        +@TableHead + @Body +@TableTail
— Send mail
 EXEC msdb.dbo.sp_send_dbmail
      @recipients = ‘abc@xyz.com’,
    @subject =@Subject,
    @profile_name =‘MyMailProfileName’,
    @body =@Body,
    @body_format =‘HTML’ ;


 –Drop Temporary Tables When Not Required
 DROP TABLE #ServerFileStats
 DROP TABLE#LogSpaceStats

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SQL Server: Script to Fix ALLOW_PAGE_LOCKS Option for All indexes on All Databases

Recently we have found that our index defragmentationjob is failing on a production server, due to REORGANIZE   failure of one of our index. SQL Server was unable to REORGANIZE this index because mistakenly we have an index with the ALLOW_PAGE_LOCKS options set to OFF
What is Page Lock Option?
According to BOL, If ALLOW_PAGE_LOCKS option is set to ON, it means Page locks are allowed when accessing the index. The Database Engine determines when page locks are used.

If ALLOW_PAGE_LOCKS  option is set to off following query will return an error.
ALTER INDEXIX_Address_AddressLine1_AddressLine2_City_StateProvinceID_PostalCode
ON Person.Address REORGANIZE

The index “IX_Address_AddressLine1_AddressLine2_City_StateProvinceID_PostalCode” (partition 1) on table “Address” cannot be reorganized because page level locking is disabled.

You can correct it by simply updating ALLOW_PAGE_LOCKS option to ON with the help of following query

ALTER INDEXIX_Address_AddressLine1_AddressLine2_City_StateProvinceID_PostalCode
ON  Person.Address
SET (ALLOW_PAGE_LOCKS = ON);

To make sure to avoid this problem in futur for all datbases on a instance, Amna Asif has suggested following simple but efficient script to detect indexes with ALLOW_PAGE_LOCKS option set to OFF and automatically fix this problem for all of your databases on an instance.

/***********************************

Script By: Amna Asif
Purpose : To fix ALLOW_PAGE_LOCKS option on
                 all indexes of all databases on a particular instance
***********************************/
USE MASTER
GO
SET QUOTED_IDENTIFIER ON
GO
SET ARITHABORT ON
GO

DECLARE @DBName NVARCHAR(255)

DECLARE@IndexCount int
DECLARE@UpdateIndexQuery Varchar(500)
— Table variable to hold intermediate result set
            DECLARE @IndexsInfo TABLE
            ( 
            RowNo int identity(1,1),
            DatabaseName varchar(100),
            TableName varchar(100),
            IndexName varchar(100)
            )
— Cursor to work on each changeable index of each db on an instance
      DECLARE DatabaseList CURSOR 
                  FOR
                    SELECT Name
                    FROM sys.databases
                    WHERE state_desc = ‘ONLINE’
                    AND is_read_only = 0
                    ORDER BY name
      OPEN DatabaseList
             FETCH NEXT FROM DatabaseList INTO@DBName
             WHILE @@FETCH_STATUS= 0
             BEGIN   
               INSERT INTO@IndexsInfo (DatabaseName,TableName,IndexName)
               EXEC(   SELECT ”’+@DBName+”’ AS DatabaseName,TABL.NAME AS TableName,indx.NAME AS IndexName     
                              FROM ‘+@DBName+‘.SYS.INDEXES indx
                              LEFT OUTER JOIN ‘+@DBName+‘.SYS.TABLES TABL ON indx.[OBJECT_ID]=TABL.[OBJECT_ID]
                              WHERE ALLOW_PAGE_LOCKS = 0           — where page lock option is not selected
                              AND indx.name NOT LIKE ”QUEUE%”  — we need only user defined indices
                        )
            FETCH NEXT FROMDatabaseList INTO @DBName
             END
            CLOSE DatabaseList
            DEALLOCATE DatabaseList
—–Update allow_page_locks option for those indexes where we need 
 SET@IndexCount=(SELECTMAX(RowNo) FROM @IndexsInfo )
      WHILE @IndexCount >0  
      BEGIN
          SET @UpdateIndexQuery=(SELECT ‘ ALTER INDEX ‘+ IndexsInfo.IndexName +‘ ON [‘+
            IndexsInfo.DatabaseName+‘].dbo.[‘+IndexsInfo.TableName+‘]
            SET (
                  ALLOW_PAGE_LOCKS = ON
                  ) ; ‘
            FROM @IndexsInfo AS IndexsInfo
            WHERE IndexsInfo.RowNo=@IndexCount)
     
            EXEC(@UpdateIndexQuery)
        
           SET @IndexCount=@IndexCount1
      END

>SQL Server: What I Have Learned in May 2011

Dedicated to Most Energetic SQL Expert Gail Shaw

SQL Tips & Tricks:
Third Party Tools:
Performance Tuning:
SQL Server Management Studio:
Database Management Views & Functions:

>SQL Server: Create/Drop Scripts for All Existing Foreign Keys

Today, when I need a script to get create and drop scripts of all existing foreign keys on a specific table (or in a whole database), I searched my query bank and find my required script quickly but on opening it I found that I was written for SQL Server 2000, time when there was no concept of schema, so I have made some changes so I can use it for SQL Server 2005 or 2008.
Create Foreign Keys:
SELECT  ‘ALTER TABLE ‘ + SCHEMA_NAME(F.schema_id) + ‘.’
        + OBJECT_NAME(F.parent_object_id) + ‘ ADD CONSTRAINT ‘ + F.name
        + ‘ FOREIGN KEY ‘ + ‘(‘ + COL_NAME(FC.parent_object_id,
                                           FC.parent_column_id) + ‘)’
        + ‘ REFERENCES ‘ + SCHEMA_NAME(RefObj.schema_id) + ‘.’
        + OBJECT_NAME(F.referenced_object_id) + ‘ (‘
        + COL_NAME(FC.referenced_object_id, FC.referenced_column_id) + ‘)’
FROM    SYS.FOREIGN_KEYS AS F
        INNER JOIN SYS.FOREIGN_KEY_COLUMNS AS FC ON F.OBJECT_ID = FC.constraint_object_id
        INNER JOIN sys.objects RefObj ON RefObj.object_id = f.referenced_object_id
–WHERE   OBJECT_NAME(F.PARENT_OBJECT_ID) = ‘YourObjectName’
Drop Foreign Keys
SELECT  ‘ALTER TABLE ‘ + SCHEMA_NAME(F.schema_id) + ‘.’
        + OBJECT_NAME(F.parent_object_id) + ‘ DROP CONSTRAINT ‘ + F.name
FROM    SYS.FOREIGN_KEYS AS F
        INNER JOIN SYS.FOREIGN_KEY_COLUMNS AS FC ON F.OBJECT_ID = FC.constraint_object_id
–WHERE   OBJECT_NAME(F.PARENT_OBJECT_ID) = ‘YourObjectName’